CGI Execute

The phone can be commanded to execute an internal URI handler or fetch an external URL by sending a POST request to the phone's web-server using the URL http://x.x.x.x/CGI/Execute with a parameter named XML.

If an <authenticationURL> has been defined, requests need to include a Authorization header encoded using the basic method. The username and password will be passed on to the authentication URL for checking. See Phone Services for more information.

See the open_in_browser Cisco Unified IP Phone Services Application Development Notes a list of URIs the each phone model supports.


Root element of an execute request, may contain up to 3 <ExecuteItem> elements.



Specifies a URL to fetch or a URI to execute.

URL URL to fetch or execute. Must be ether one of the internal URIs (Dial, Key, SoftKey, Init, Play etc.), an http:// URL or an https:// URL.
Priority Priority of the request (optional)
0 Execute immediately (default) 1 Execute when idle 2 Execute only if idle

<ExecuteItem URL="URL" Priority="PRIORITY" /> </CiscoIPPhoneExecute>
An example command line script that sends up to three CGI execute requests to a phone is below.

#!/usr/bin/perl # # Copyright (c) 2015 Gareth Palmer <gareth.palmer3@gmail.com> # This program is free software, distributed under the terms of # the GNU General Public License Version 2. use strict; use POSIX qw/EXIT_FAILURE EXIT_SUCCESS/; use English qw/-no_match_vars/; use Getopt::Long qw//; use LWP::UserAgent; use HTML::Entities; use XML::LibXML; eval { my $getopt = Getopt::Long->new; $getopt->configure ('no_ignore_case'); my ($ip_address, $username, $password, $show_help); unless ($getopt->getoptions ('i|ip-address=s' => \$ip_address, 'u|username=s' => \$username, 'p|password=s' => \$password, 'h|help' => \$show_help)) { die 'Error parsing options'; } if ($show_help) { print 'cgi-execute [OPTIONS] <URL> [URL] [URL]', "\n", 'Send a CGI execute request to a Cisco IP Phone', "\n", "\n", ' -i --ip-address <address> IP address of the phone', "\n", ' -u --username <username> Authorization username', "\n", ' -i --password <password> Authorization password', "\n", "\n", 'Valid URIs are Dial:, Key: SoftKey:, Init:, Play:, http: and https:', "\n", "\n"; return; } my $urls = []; while (length (my $url = shift)) { die 'Invalid URL ' . $url unless ($url =~ m/^(Dial:\d+|Key:\w+|SoftKey:\w+|Init:\w+|Play:\w+|https?:\S+)$/); die 'Too many URLs specified' unless (scalar (@{$urls}) < 3); push (@{$urls}, $url); } die 'Invalid IP address: ' . $ip_address unless ($ip_address =~ m/^\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}$/); die 'No URLs specified' unless (scalar @{$urls}); my $useragent = LWP::UserAgent->new; my $request = HTTP::Request->new (POST => 'http://' . $ip_address . '/CGI/Execute'); $request->authorization_basic ($username, $password) if (length $username); $request->content_type ('application/x-www-form-urlencoded'); $request->content ('XML=<CiscoIPPhoneExecute>'); foreach my $url (@{$urls}) { $request->add_content ('<ExecuteItem URL="' . encode_entities ($url) . '" Priority="0" />'); } $request->add_content ('</CiscoIPPhoneExecute>'); my $response = $useragent->request ($request); die $response->content unless ($response->is_success); die 'Response was not XML' unless ($response->content_is_xml); my $document = XML::LibXML->load_xml (string => $response->content); if ((my $error, undef) = $document->findnodes ('/CiscoIPPhoneError')) { my $reasons = ['Error parsing CiscoIPPhoneExecute object', 'Error framing CiscoIPPhoneResponse object', 'Internal file error', 'Authentication error']; die ($reasons->[$error->getAttribute ('Number') - 1] || 'Error ' . $error->getAttribute ('Number')) . ': ' . decode_entities ($error->textContent); } }; if (length $EVAL_ERROR) { warn $EVAL_ERROR; exit EXIT_FAILURE; } exit EXIT_SUCCESS;


Sets the background on the phone, both URLs must be http://. Send to the phone using the same method as <CiscoIPPhoneExecute> with the XML parameter as follows. See Background Images for more information.

<setBackground> <background> <icon>ICON URL</icon> <image>IMAGE URL</image> </background> </setBackground>


Sets the ring-tone on the phone, the URLs must be http://. Send to the phone using the same method as <CiscoIPPhoneExecute> with the XML parameter as follows. See Ring Tones for more information.

<setRingTone> <ringTone>RINGTONE URL</ringTone> </setRingTone>